Guidelines for Students to Become a Teacher after Completing 12th

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To become a teacher, interested persons have to work out an education plan that is required to become teacher. The person should list out various objectives according to what profession in education field he/ she requires. In India, the education system is classified into various sections according to student’s developmental milestones. For each section the qualification required for teachers is different. Basically, Bachelors of Education is a professional graduation degree that qualifies a candidate to become a teacher. It is a 2 year course which can only be pursued after graduation in any subject. This degree is approved by many foreign countries as qualification even for becoming teacher.

A student who is well prepared for a teaching career after finishing grade 12, must first choose a subject in graduation that he or she wishes to pursue. After graduation, make sure you get a total of 50% for admission to B.Ed universities. After completing your graduation, apply to one of the B.Ed colleges of your choice.

There are variations if a person wishes to teach particular section and does not want to take up 2 year B.Ed. Those people who wish to teach in pre-primary, primary sections can pursue diplomas or training courses in teaching. The accreditations for these courses depend from college to college. The various courses that are provided are:

  • Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.ED.)

Two years diploma pursued to become primary teachers. Eligibility is 10th and +2 from recognized board with 50% aggregate. Earlier recognized as TTC or Teachers training course.

  • Pre-primary teachers training course (PPTTC)

One year course that qualifies in becoming kindergarten and nursery teachers. Eligibility is 10th and +2 from recognized board with 50% aggregate.

  • Montessori teachers training course (MTTC)

One year course that qualifies in becoming kindergarten and nursery teachers in schools that follow montessori curriculum. Eligibility is 10th and +2 from recognized board with 50% aggregate.

  • Early childhood care and education (ECCE)

It is a 2 year duration course that provides training to candidates to provide holistic development support to students. Some of the job opportunities are nursery care taker, home based service provider for infants and toddlers, etc. Eligibility is 10th and +2 from recognized board with 50% aggregate.

  • Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.ED)

It is an undergraduate course of 3 years. The course focuses on physical education. Those who wish to become P.E. teachers, school coaches and trainers can pursue this course. Eligibility is 10th and +2 from recognized board with 50% aggregate.

After the completion of the course of your choice,  you can apply to private schools directly. Those who wish to work in government institutions may have to appear various eligibility tests after courses.  Teachers can pursue higher education courses in order to receive promotions to higher classes. M.Ed, M.Phil, Ph.D programmes can also be pursued which will help candidates for promotion. Candidates who wish to go abroad have to pursue masters along with qualifying certain eligibility tests depending on various countries.

Presently in India, only NCERT provides integrated 4 year B.Ed in some of its centres that can be pursued after +2. The central government education board are still in discussion of introducing integrated 4 year fundamental B.Ed to its education curriculum in order to provide B.Ed course to candidates who wish to pursue B.Ed after 12th.

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